:: Tribal Welfare Department - Government Of Andhra Pradesh ::
Ever since the origin of man on earth, the quest for knowledge has been continuing, however possessing the relevant knowledge is critical for the wholesome development of mankind. The realm of human development encompasses the potential of the people who are knowledgeable and lead a long and healthy life for a decent standard of living. Due to several reasons, human development has been asymmetrical and the most unprivileged and marginalized sections of people are tribal populations, whose accessibility to the present-day benefits of technological advancement is still limited.
The level of knowledge is an important poverty indicator and the inability of the tribal children to access and acquire knowledge is the main reason for the backwardness of tribes. Education is the basic necessity for the socio-economic development of any individual and society. An ideal and customized education system that suits the special needs of the tribal children and provides an opportunity to pursue personal aspirations and career goals, is the cornerstone to the progress of tribal communities.
According to the 1991 census, the literacy rate of the country was 52.2% while it was 44.09% in Andhra Pradesh and the literacy was much lower among Tribes standing at 17.16% only in the State. The 2001 census reveals that the nations general literacy rate has gone up to 65.38%, whereas AP records only 61.11%, and the ST literacy rate in the state is still low at 37.04%. The female literacy rate among Tribes in AP is only 26.11% as against a general literacy rate of 61.11%. The literacy rate recorded an increase of 13% from 1991 to 2001 in the general category across India, whereas it was only 17.5% among Tribes. The dropout among Tribes was found to be very high at 49.73 % in primary sections, 78.51% in upper primary, and 81.76% in higher secondary sections.
In pursuit of the objective of universalization of elementary education of adequate quality to ensure satisfactory learning standards among children, the Government of Andhra Pradesh has established APTWREIS (Gurukulam) in 1999 to provide a focused education to the tribal children, while building a congenial environment in which the children can foster their fullest potential to be knowledgeable and skillful to set off a respectable and meaningful life.


Until the year 1999, the Tribal Welfare Residential Schools were under the Management of the Andhra Pradesh Residential Educational Institutions Society(APREIS), which was later bifurcated into Andhra Pradesh Residential Educational Institutions Society and Andhra Pradesh Tribal Welfare Residential Educational Institutions Society (G.O.Ms.No: 51 S.W (TW.Edn.I Dept.) dated 03-06-1998) and APTWREIS popularly called Gurukulam, came into existence w.e.f. 3.6.1998 to take care of enrolment and retention of tribal children and improvement in the quality of education imparted to them with Head Quarters at Hyderabad. The Society started functioning effectively from 01.06.1999 after bifurcation from APREI Society (R).


With a mission mode approach, Gurukulam is committed to strengthening the institutions with a strong passion to produce its students to the level of National and International standards.
Gurukulam is confident to produce world-class professionals as noble citizens and humanitarians by restoring their cultural ethos.


Gurukulam is committed to promoting and imparting quality and excellence in education that supports interdisciplinary inquiry, intellectual development, knowledge and skill acquisition, and student success through a diverse, fully-engaged, learner-center campus environment.
The revolutionary 86th Constitutional Amendment Act 2002 made free and compulsory education for all children between 6 and 14 years of age, a fundamental right and led to the insertion of Article 21-A in Part III of the Constitution. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act 2009 provides for free and compulsory education for all children of age 6 to 14 years. In compliance with the constitutional provisions, APTWREIS (Gurukulam) vows to mold the tribal children for attaining an all-around development to become the real assets of the nation.
Presently (174) educational institutions are functioning under the control of Gurukulam. Out of which (82) are residential institutions funded by the Government of AP. In addition to this (12) Mini Gurukulam meant for low literacy areas funded by Govt. of India and (80) Newly converted Hostels into Tribal Welfare Residential Schools are also functioning under Gurukulam. Newly (10) EMRS are stated from 5th Jan 2018.

   The following are the categories of Residential Institutions:

S.No Category of Institution Focus Category Strength
B G Co Total Boys Girls Co Total
1Residential Schools5th to 10th181002974884624012112
2PTG Res. Schools3rd to 10th0802010411990205021
3Residential Jr. CollegesIntermediate18110294704349408198
4Upgraded Residential Jr. Colleges5th to Inter0103004521199702518
5Schools of Excellence8th to Inter020200459957501174
6Colleges of ExcellenceIntermediate02010032981440447
7Converted Hostels into TW Schools3rd to 6th493108093106272015582
8Mini Gurukulams1st to 5th/8th0120120252302523
9EMRS6th- Intermediate01031519547141916373603